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Insomnia is a chronic sleep problem characterised by difficulty falling, staying, or both asleep. Various factors, including stress, anxiety, depression, and certain medications, can cause it. Insomnia symptoms include difficulties getting asleep, frequent waking up during the night, feeling weary during the day, and concerns about concentrating. 

Treatment options for a sleep disorder like Insomnia include cognitive-behavioural therapy, medication, and lifestyle changes such as regular exercise and relaxation techniques. If you are experiencing symptoms of Insomnia, it is important to speak with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. 

Symptoms Of Insomnia

The most common symptoms include difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or both. People with this sleep disorder may wake up frequently during the night, have trouble getting back to sleep, or wake up too early in the morning. Insomnia can also cause fatigue, drowsiness, and difficulty concentrating during the day. 

Some people may experience irritability, mood swings, and depression due to sleep disorders. The following symptoms often distinguish Insomnia: 

  1. Waking up too early and being unable to fall back asleep 
  2. Spending most of the night awake, afraid you won’t fall asleep 
  3. A pattern of irregular or disturbed sleep that does not replenish you 

What Causes Insomnia?

A range of variables, including physical and psychological concerns, can contribute to sleep disorders. Common physical causes include chronic pain, arthritis, asthma, and gastrointestinal disorders, and psychological causes include stress, anxiety, and depression. Certain medications, such as antidepressants and blood pressure medications, can cause Insomnia. 

Additionally, lifestyle factors such as irregular sleep schedules and caffeine and alcohol consumption can contribute to Insomnia. Environmental factors such as noise, light, and temperature can also play a role in Insomnia. Several life stressors contribute to sleep disorders.

Life Stressors, Including Job, Relationships, Financial Difficulties And More.

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  1. Unhealthy lifestyle and sleep habits.
  2. Anxiety disorders, depression and other mental health issues.
  3. Chronic diseases like cancer.
  4. Chronic pain due to arthritis, fibromyalgia or other conditions.
  5. Gastrointestinal disorders, such as heartburn.
  6. Hormone fluctuations due to menstruation, menopause, thyroid disease or other issues.
  7. Medications and other substances.
  8. Neurological disorders, such as Alzheimer’s disease or Parkinson’s disease.
  9. Other sleep disorders include sleep apnea and restless legs syndrome.

How To Treat Insomnia?

Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that can negatively impact daily life. To treat Insomnia, it is important to establish a regular sleep schedule, avoid caffeine and alcohol close to bedtime, and engage in relaxing activities before bed, such as reading or meditation. 

Avoiding screens for at least an hour before bed can also help. Additionally, practising good sleep hygiene, such as keeping the bedroom dark, quiet, and cool, can improve sleep. Consulting a healthcare professional may be necessary if these methods do not work, and they may recommend medication or cognitive behavioural therapy.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) For Insomnia

Cognitive behavioural therapy, or CBT, is a type of therapy that mental health practitioners use to identify, understand, and change negative or inaccurate thought processes, beliefs, and behaviours. CBT is often used to treat severe mental health issues and sleep disorders. CBT–I is a form of CBT that specifically douses on the treatment of Insomnia. 

Medications And Supplements

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Over-the-counter medications that contain antihistamines are typically used to treat Insomnia as well. You can also take melatonin supplements for better sleep. 

Supplements like Nootropa’s Sleep Optimum help individuals with regulating their sleep cycle. Other than this, Nootropa’s Organic Ashwagandha with Black Pepper also helps in stress relief and mood enhancement. It is anti-inflammatory, and the ashwagandha helps create a balance of blood and sugar in the body. 

Other Approaches

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Besides melatonin supplements and medication, essential oils and aromatherapy can promote relaxation and improve sleep quality. Using essential oils like ylang-ylang, lavender, chamomile and peppermint for aromatherapy can relax you and boost your mood, which in turn helps you sleep.

Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medicine technique that can also be used to improve sleep by balancing the body’s energy. Natural sleep aids, such as melatonin and valerian root, such as Nootropa’s supplements, can be a safe alternative to prescription sleep medications. These methods can be used alone or in combination to improve sleep and prevent Insomnia. 

Possible Complications Of Insomnia

Insomnia can also lead to an increased risk of accidents and injuries, as well as an increased risk of developing depression and anxiety. Chronic Insomnia can also lead to long-term health issues such as an increased risk of hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease. 

Here’s a list of possible complications that can arise due to Insomnia:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Stroke
  • Asthma Attacks
  • Seizures
  • Weakened Immune System Function
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Heart Disease

It’s essential to seek help from a healthcare professional if you suspect you have Insomnia to prevent these complications and to improve your quality of life.  

Preventing Insomnia

Preventing Insomnia can be achieved by maintaining a consistent sleep schedule, engaging in regular exercise, avoiding caffeine and alcohol close to bedtime, and creating a relaxing bedtime routine. It’s also important to create a comfortable sleep environment by keeping the bedroom dark, quiet, and cool.

Practising good sleep hygiene, such as avoiding screens for at least an hour before bedtime, can also help. Also, managing stress through meditation, deep breathing, and journaling can help prevent Insomnia. If you are having trouble sleeping, you must consult a healthcare professional to rule out any underlying medical conditions. 


Insomnia is a sleep condition characterised by difficulties falling, staying or both asleep. It can have a significant impact on a person’s quality of life, as well as on their physical and mental health. To prevent Insomnia, it is important to establish a consistent sleep schedule and create a relaxing sleep environment. 

You can check our sleep supplements to aid your sleep hygiene here.

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